The New Education Policy announced on 29th July has marked a history, as it’s been amended almost after three decades. School Education Secretary Anita Karwal said students of class 6 onwards will be taught coding in schools as a part of 21st-century skills.
“There will be bagless days when one can go for vocational studies for ten days”. Students will now be able to learn coding and programming from an early stage of learning.
The Demarcation of 5+3+3+4 System Under NEP
Unlike before where playschools were not counted under the education system and Classes 1-5 were under primary education, 6-10 were secondary and 11-12 grades were considered as high school. This was called the 10+2 system.
The New Education Policy has set a different demarcation of 5+3+3+4 system based on experiential learning.
According to This Education System:
- The first five years of learning from 3-8 years is called FOUNDATIONAL STAGE. This has further been split into two levels. Three years of play school or Anganwaadi and two years of primary school (Grade 1 & 2)
- After five years students will be eligible for PREPARATORY SCHOOLING STAGE. This will include the age group 8-11 i.e. (Grade 3-5). There will be a greater emphasis on experiential learning across the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities.
- MIDDLE SCHOOL from Grade 6-8 includes the age group 11-14 years. The inclusion of subject-oriented pedagogical learning style has added to the quality of education needed. Students at this stage will be imparted vocational education and different computer languages. They will also learn coding to be able to design applications and games for android, iOS and windows.
- SECONDARY LEVEL of learning will have students between 14-18 years. This stage is again split into two sub-stages: covering grades 9 and 10 in one cohort and grades 11 and 12 in another.
Other Major Steps Under NEP
- The policy includes setting up of a gender inclusion fund and Special Education Zones to support socially and economically disadvantaged groups.
- NEP has also made the recruitment of teachers transparent. A National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) has been set up. It will be developed by 2022 in consultation with NCERT.
- A Higher Education Commission of India will now function as a single overarching body for all higher education.
- Mphil course earlier done before PhD degree has been abolished. However, NET JRF exam are valid.
Why was the Change Needed?
The last imptovisation to the education policy was made in 1992. With the changing times, an improvisation to the education system was a need of the hour.
This change in the rote education to a more practical and experiential learning is what the current generation needed for an overall development.
But, This will need to de-bureaucratize the implementation of the NEP even more to turn our grand vision into reality.